Criminology for Beginners has been written for aspiring criminologists or those wish to study criminology purely for personal interest. It has been written in easy to follow terms and will enable the student to understand the basics behind criminological theories, from the definition of crime to deviant and anti-social behaviour, from the Salem witch trials to medieval ordeals, the history of criminology, classical, neoclassical to modern day theories of crimes.
It goes on the discuss Crime and Punishment and the Legal Systems in Both the UK and Ireland, finally discussing the Police, Courts and Judicial systems who deal with the perpetrators of crime
Antisocial, deviant and immoral conduct
The History of Criminology
The Salem Witch Trials
The Enlightenment age
The Classical School
The Positivist theory
Franz Joseph Gall (1758–1828)
Charles Darwin (1809–1882)
Modern Theories of Crime
Anomie or Strain Theory
Social Learning Theory
Social Control Theory
An Economic Model of Crime
Deterrence and Econometrics
Ethnicity and Crime
Age and Crime
Distribution of Crime.” American Journal of Sociology
Mental Disorder and Crime
The Original position
The veil of ignorance
The Veil of Ignorance.
Rawls Reasonable Citizens
Rawls principle of Justice
The Chicago School and the US theories
Robert Park and Ernest Burgess
White Collar Crime
Theories of Violent Crime
Theories of Criminal Behaviour.
Psychoanalytic theorists and the origins of crime
Biological Theories of crime
Genetic – Twin Studies
Genetic – Adoption Studies
Intelligence and Learning in Criminology
Goddard’s work was discredited
Euphoria / relief / mood regulation
Recognising criminal addictions
A Theoretical Model of Behaviour Addictions for Addictive Offenders 88
Media and Crime
The Media Representation of Crime
The Irish Legal System
Source one – The Irish Constitution
Source two – European Community Law
The European Community Treaties
Source three – Common Law
Source four – Acts of the Oireachtas or Legislation
The English Legal System
The Rule of Law
The Different Departments in the Police Service
Criminal Investigations Department (CID)
The Prison service HMS Prisons
History of the Prison Service
Role and Function of the Probation Service
Magistrates’ and County Courts
The Crown Court
Penology in the UK
Penology in Ireland
Location of Prisons and Places of Detention
The Garda Siochána
The Civic Guards
Criminal division of the Gardaí
Criminal Assets Bureau (CAB)
Special Detective Unit
Civil Liability & Courts Act 2004
Authored by Teresa M Clyne MSc
8″ x 10″
New laws proposed to support domestic violence victims
Bill would be a ‘game-changer’ for victims, says national organisation
Proposed new legislation should make it easier for victims of domestic violence to get barring orders against perpetrators and ban electronic communications if required.
Minister for Justice Frances Fitzgerald said on Friday the Domestic Violence Bill, which has been approved by Government, would reduce the risk of intimidation to the victim or a witness through the courts process.
The reforms would also allow victims to give evidence through video, protect their anonymity and restrict the people attending the courtroom.
“Domestic violence persists as true horror in too many homes in 21st Century Ireland, ” Ms Fitzgerald said.
“In addition, too many incidents of domestic violence still go unreported. Too many victims are afraid to come forward,” she said.
Ms Fitzgerald said she wanted to tackle domestic violence and let victims know they were not alone.
The proposed law would also make it easier for a victim to get the perpetrator removed from their home.
“The Bill will remove the requirement that a person must have at least an equal interest in a property to apply for an interim barring order (for 8 working days) in an emergency or crisis situation,” Ms Fitzgerald said.
The proposed legislation also includes banning the perpetrator from communicating electronically communications, including through online or phone, with their victim.
The Minister said the Bill was created to improve protections available to the victims.
“It is in the interests of victims that we get this legislation drafted and enacted as soon as possible.”
Ms Fitzgerald said the Bill would bring provisions on domestic violence in one piece of legislation to make it easier to use.
She said it was a “major step” towards Ireland’s ratification of the Council of Europe Convention on Preventing and Combating Violence Against Women and Domestic Violence, known as the Istanbul Convention.
She said she would seek the Government’s approval for Ireland to sign the convention in autumn.
A recent EU-wide study on violence against women showed that 12 per cent of Irish women and girls over the age of 15 had experienced stalking, with 50 per cent of that group being stalked, physically and online, by a partner or ex.
Figures from the Women’s Aid Female Homicide Watch showed more than half of 18-25 year old women killed in Ireland since 1996 were murdered by their current or former boyfriend.
Safe Ireland chief executive Sharon O’Halloran, a national organisation for domestic violence, said the proposed legislation would be a “game-changer” in creating a system that would give victims the confidence to know they would be believed and protected.
She said the Bill was well thought-out and a “highly-sensitive piece” of legislation.
“Domestic violence is an enormous problem in Ireland and a problem that is still largely silent. We know that eight out of every ten women who experience abuse never report it,” she said.
“It will strengthen a number of vital provisions to protect victims and will make our courts system more accessible for, and more sensitive to, the very specific needs of women in danger and at risk of intimidation.”
Ms O’Halloran said it was important adequate resources would be given to meet the aspirations within the Bill.
Fianna Fáil spokesman Niall Collins said while welcomed the draft bill and it was a “step forward”.
“I do hope this legislation will assist victims but the Government’s record on this matter is unimpressive,” he said.
“The (Istanbul) Convention was signed in May 2011. We have been calling for full enactment of its proposals in the Dáil for the past three years.”
The full details of the general scheme of the Bill can be viewed here.
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