Law in Ireland

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What is Geographical Profiling?

The geographic model can potentially be applied to all sorts of crime. It examines the distribution of a series of crimes, as was the case in Stuart Kind’s prediction of the Yorkshire Ripper’s base of action and David Canter’s
work in establishing the significance of location in the Railway Murderer (John Duffy) case. Geographic profiling, however, began in North America.

The North American approach Geographic profiling is an investigative tool developed by Kim Rossmo. He developed it whilst he was serving as a Detective Chief Inspector in the Vancouver City Police Department. Now Dr. Kim Rossmo, he has been a research professor in Texas State’s Department of Criminal Justice since
2003, and the University’s Endowed Chair in Criminology since 2007.

Although there have been a number of studies of offenders’ spatial patterns, it is Rossmo who is most widely connected with geographical profiling as an
investigative tool. He advocated its use in conjunction with, and as a complement to, crime linkage and investigative profiling.

In his address to the National Center for Intelligence Studies, Rossmo (1998) defined geographic profiling as:

‘An information management strategy to assist in serial, violent crime investigations, which facilitates the focus of investigative efforts. It is also a support service, a type of analysis and an investigative procedure. The whole
process is based on the intelligent collection, analysis and sharing of information. Suitable crimes for geographical profiling are those that are serial in nature, murder, rape, robbery, arson, bombings and predatory crimes such as sex murders or child molestation.’

Can a person be addicted to crime?

In a word, .... YES.

Crime addictions, like any addiction the addiction to crime has common characteristics (Peale. S, 1985) "addictive experiences are potent modifiers of mood and sensation".

There is a common theory that the following characteristics of addictions include:

...Tolerance - the need for more to produce the same effect.
...Withdrawal - distress after a period of non-engagement.
...Craving - distress associated with desire to re-engage.
...Salience - increasing importance of addiction in lifestyle.
...Conflict - increasing awareness of negative consequences.
...Relapse - reinstatement after a decision to stop or reduce.

Addicted to sexual crime

There are four main studies in the sexual offending literature which suggest that some sexual offending can be addictive. The first is that of McCulloch et al (1983) where the authors took a sample of sadistic sexual offenders in a British Special Hospital.

They found that of their sample of 16, 13 described elaborate and frequent masturbation fantasies. These fantasies showed tolerance in that for many subjects, they were being constantly revised in the direction of greater sadistic and violent content.

Some offenders reported that, after a time, their fantasies had become unsatisfying and had to be supplemented with their acting-out part of the fantasy for them to continue to achieve that state of arousal they were seeking.

For many, these “behavioural try-outs”
eventually led to the full index offence or offences for which they were convicted.

Private Investigation Course


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Author Interview with Brittney Rz

Author Interview with Teresa Clyne

Author Interview with Brittney Rz

Author Interview with Kyle Shoop

Author Interview with Kyle Shoop

Author Kyle Shoop

Author Kyle Shoop


Kyle Shoop (I don’t use a pen name, though often my novels show up under Kyle L. Shoop).

Where are you from

I’m originally from Washington State, but am now living in Utah.

Can you tell me a little about yourself, such as your education or family life

You bet! I’m a practicing attorney in Utah and Wyoming. I received my law degree from Gonzaga University in Spokane, and received an…

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How to Create an Author Profile That Converts Web Surfers to Readers

How to Create an Author Profile That Converts Web Surfers to Readers

Creating an Effective In-Post Author Profile

The in-post author bio or profile is traditionally displayed at the end of each post on your blog. As the visitor has just read through a whole article before reaching the profile, the aim here is to keep the bio as concise as possible, to ensure it doesn’t get skipped over.

Some key ideas to follow when creating your in-post profile include:

  • Keep it…

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I decided to self publish, then this happened

I am writing an online journay of my journey, what works, what doesnt, websites I use, social media, do’s and dont’s and hints and tips for the new author to use (or avoid)

I decided to self publish, then this happened

Cypathia – The Secret Princess – Fiction Novel for 9 – 12-year-olds

It’s got it all, endurance through adversity, talking dragons, sorcery, and magic, with inter-realm portal travel, child protagonists, an evil king, adventures galore and ultimate victory against evil.

Click here to buy Cypathia

12-year-old Princess Kaia lives in a beautiful medieval realm called Herecia, she climbs trees and spends all of her free time with her pet dragon, Kaia has never known anything but the life of an ordinary peasant girl. Without a loving family or friends, Kaia would have been entirely alone if it weren’t for her family’s servant, Isadora, and her faithful pet dragon Billow.

But Kaia’s past isn’t what it seems. In the midst of a terrible war when she was just a baby, Kaia’s royal parents were forced to make a terrible decision, sending Kaia and her brother Kolby away through a secret portal with only the help of their two magic guardians. Now that the children are separated and cut off from Cypathia until they come of age, Isadora is left guarding her charge and an enormous secret, one that will break apart the world as Kaia knows it.

As the day of her 13th birthday dawns, Kaia remains unaware that she is about to embark on an amazing magical adventure filled with dragons, sorcerers, goblins, and more. Then the portal reopens and everything changes. With her newly-discovered twin brother at her side, Kaia sets off to hone her magical talents, seek out her parents, and find a way to free them from their supernatural prison. Despite all that stands in her way, Kaia knows that it’s her fate to defeat the evil King Mordor and reclaim the Kingdom of Cypathia from the dark forces that hold it.

This young adult fantasy story has it all, endurance through adversity, talking dragons, sorcery, and magic, with inter-realm portal travel, child protagonists, an evil king, adventures galore and ultimate victory against evil

Cypathia – The Secret Princess – BooksGoSocial Daily

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Cypathia – The Secret Princess – BooksGoSocial Daily

Teresa Clyne LLB, MSc

Teresa Clyne LLB, MSc

Author Interview with T.L McDonald

Author Interview with T.L McDonald

Author Interview with T.L McDonald

Author Interview with T.L McDonald

Author Interview with T.L McDonald

Here you will find my interview with T.L McDonald

Author Interview with T.L McDonald

What is Criminology?

Criminology examines why people commit crime, these are the pivotal questions in the ongoing debate of how crime should be handled and prevented. It is an area of law that deals with victims of crime, theories explaining illegal and/or deviant behaviour, the social reaction to crime, the effectiveness of anti-crime policies and the broader political terrain of social control.

Areas of expertise of Criminologists(small example)

Anomie, Social Control Theories
Labelling Theory and Critical Criminology
White Collar Crime

What is Forensic Psychology?

(The science of Behaviour)

Forensic Psychology is used within the justice system to assess offenders, identify criminal capacity in young people and to characterise psychopaths. Identify fitness to stand trial and finally they can be used to determine the likelihood of future violence. Can be used to assess the future criminality of offending minors

Areas of expertise of Forensic Psychologists (small sample)

Criminal Responsibility and Psychiatric Defences
Mental Disorder as a Defence
Eyewitness Testimony

What is Criminal Psychology?

Criminal Psychology (The study of criminal minds)

Criminal Psychology is in plain English, the study of why criminals do what they do. In essence, it is the study of the mental processes, motivational patterns, and behaviour of criminals.

Areas of expertise of Criminal Psychologists (small sample)

Offender Profiling
Geographical Profiling
Eye witness testimony

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