Teresa Clyne

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Law of Tort

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What is Criminology ?

Criminology examines why people commit crime, these are the pivotal questions in the ongoing debate of how crime should be handled and prevented. It is an area of law that deals with victims of crime, theories explaining illegal and/or deviant behaviour, the social reaction to crime, the effectiveness of anti-crime policies and the broader political terrain of social control.

Areas of expertise of Criminologists(small example)

Anomie, Social Control Theories
Labelling Theory and Critical Criminology
White Collar Crime

What is Forensic Psychology?

(The science of Behaviour)

Forensic Psychology is used within the justice system to assess offenders, identify criminal capacity in young people and to characterise psychopaths. Identify fitness to stand trial and finally they can be used to determine the likelihood of future violence. Can be used to assess the future criminality of offending minors

Areas of expertise of Forensic Psychologists (small sample)

Criminal Responsibility and Psychiatric Defences
Mental Disorder as a Defence
Eyewitness Testimony

What is Criminal Psychology?

Criminal Psychology (The study of criminal minds)

Criminal Psychology is in plain English, the study of why criminals do what they do. In essence, it is the study of the mental processes, motivational patterns, and behaviour of criminals.

Areas of expertise of Criminal Psychologists (small sample)

Offender Profiling
Geographical Profiling
Eye witness testimony


The Law of Tort

A tort is a civil wrong, tort is a French word for wrong, or the Latin word (tortum or twisted), a tort occurs when a person commits a civil wrong against another person causing them damage. Tortfeasor is the person who commits the tort. Under tort law, an injured party can bring a civil case to seek compensation for a wrong done to the party or the party’s property.
Simply put, the law of tort is a branch of law which helps people to make a claim for compensation “usually a money payment” from another person who hurts them or their property. For instance, when one driver hurts another driver because he or she was not paying attention “negligent”, the driver who caused the hurt “defendant” may have committed a tort.

If a person “plaintiff” is hurt by another person “defendant” they may be able to sue them “civil litigation” and get compensation “usually money”. Most torts are accidents, like car accidents or slippery floors where people can fall down and get hurt. But some torts are done on purpose. These are called intentional torts.

For example, if one person punches another person, this could be an intentional tort called battery.Most torts cause physical harm to people, however, some torts cause damage to property, like a broken window “trespass to property”.  Some torts can harm other things, like someone’s reputation or a business. “defamation”.

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